Phenotypic variability of TRPV4 related neuropathies

Teresinha Evangelista, Boglarka Bansagi, Angela Pyle, Helen Griffin, Konstantinos Douroudis, Tuomo Polvikoski, Thalia Antoniadi, Kate Bushby, Volker Straub, Patrick F. Chinnery, Hanns Lochmüller, Rita Horvath

Journal : Neuromuscular Disorders, volume 25, issue 6, pages 516-521
Published : March, 2015

Mutations in the transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) gene have been associated with autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasias and peripheral nervous system syndromes (PNSS). PNSS include Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 2C, congenital spinal muscular atrophy and arthrogryposis and scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy.

We report the clinical, electrophysiological and muscle biopsy findings in two unrelated patients with two novel heterozygous missense mutations in the TRPV4 gene. Whole exome sequencing was carried out on genomic DNA using Illumina Truseq(TM) 62Mb exome capture. Patient 1 harbours a de novo c.805C > T (p.Arg269Cys) mutation. Clinically, this patient shows signs of both scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy and skeletal dysplasia. Patient 2 harbours a novel c.184G > A (p.Asp62Asn) mutation.

While the clinical phenotype is compatible with CMT type 2C with the patient’s muscle harbours basophilic inclusions. Mutations in the TRPV4 gene have a broad phenotypic variability and disease severity and may share a similar pathogenic mechanism with Heat Shock Protein related neuropathies